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8 First Aid Procedures We Do Wrong

April 30, 2017
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It's very important to be familiar with first aid procedures. But many of those we think we know can actually be quite dangerous.

 

1. Treating a wound with liquid oxygen, iodine or alcohol - dangerous!

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The problem? Liquid oxygen kills tissue cells which delays the healing process. Iodine and alcohol can cause a burn in direct contact with the wound.

What to do instead: Wash the wound under fresh water, rub antibiotic cream. Only use a band aid if necessary.

 

2. Unqualified CPR.

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The problem? CPR performed by an unqualified individual can cause rib fracture and risk the heart and lungs.

What to do instead: Only use CPR when the person has no pulse, is not breathing and there is no doctor around. Perform compressions at a 100bpm rate, use only your fingers for children.
Only do mouth to mouth breathing when a pulse has returned. An alternative is 30 compressions followed by 2 breathes and repeat.

 

 

3. Paracetamol can cause liver problems.

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The problem? In high doses, Paracetamol, the active substance in many painkillers, can disrupt liver and kidney function.

What to do instead: Use only up to 1 gram per use, 4 grams per day. Avoid mixing different painkillers to not overdose.

 

4. Don't tilt your head or lie down when your nose bleeds.

 

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The problem? Tilting your head and lying down raises blood pressure. Because you can't evaluate the cause and risk of the bleeding, avoid these.

What to do instead: Hold your head straight, cool down your nose, use your thumb and finger to block one nostril at a time for 15 minutes, breath through your mouth.
If the bleeding doesn't stop call an ambulance, as this can be a symptom of a greater condition.

 

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5. Don't carry a car accident victim out of a vehicle.

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The problem? The victim may have a spine or neck injury and every slight movement can kill him or make him disabled for life.

What to do instead: Call an ambulance and track the breathing of the victim until paramedics arrive.

 

 

6. Using a tourniquet to stop a bleeding can lead to amputation‚Äč.

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The problem? An improper or unwarranted use of a tourniquet can restrict bloodflow to a limb and cause necrosis (tissue cells death).

What to do instead: Use a sterile fabric to apply pressure to a wound until an ambulance arrives.
Only use a tourniquet to stop a life risking bleeding.

 

7. Don't pull the tongue out of a person having a seizure.

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The problem? A person having an epileptic seizure can swallow an object or suffocate easily.

What to do instead: Make sure the person's head is safe and remove any sharp objects from his vicinity.
If the seizure lasts more than 5 minutes call an ambulance. 

 

 

 

8. Don't suck the poison out when bitten.

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The problem? The poison can affect your mouth.

What to do instead: If you were bitten in your limbs, make sure the bitten spot is lower than your heart, call an ambulance, relax, and drink a lot of water.

 

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